The Sun Spider or Sun Scorpion, is a general name for insects belonging to the order Solifugae. Other common names for these arachnids are Wind Scorpions because of their speed, or Camel Spiders because of the humped heads. They used to also be referred to as solpugids, because of their former scientific name. These common names can be used to identify over 1000 species of arachnids that inhabit regions that are arid as well as their common coloration of light tan to golden. Though they are similar to both the Spider and the Scorpion these arachnids are in fact, neither.
The Sun Spider is relatively easy to identify. It is commonly believed that Sun Spiders or Wind Scorpion are rather large, they are in fact only about 0.4-3 inches in body length, however their legs can reach several inches making them appear much larger in some cases. They have the rounded abdomen similar to most spiders, while displaying front appendages that are very similar to those of a scorpion. The Sun Spider is also covered in light tan or golden hairs.
Sun Spiders, Wind Scorpions, or Camel Spiders it does not matter what they are called To get a solution that will work without the extra pesticides, call Fortified Pest Management at (702) 879-4007. We have developed environmentally friendly techniques over the years that no other pest control company is doing in Las Vegas. This means that you will have a safe environment free of scorpions without residual chemicals that can harm pets or children.
While Sun Spiders are generally found all over the world in arid and desert regions and are believed to be endemic to these biomes. However some species of Sun Spider and Wind Scorpion can be found in grassland, forest, and scrub. They more or less inhabit every arid desert and scrublands except for Australia and Antarctica.
Sun Spiders typically reproduce once a year. When mating the Sun Spider can impregnate the female either directly or indirectly, by inserting its spermatophore into the female after flinging her on her back. The female Sun Spider then burrows into the earth and lays 50-200 eggs. Some species of Sun Spiders will guard the den until they hatch, others go about their way. The Sun Spider will undergo many stages of life on the road to maturity, egg, post-embryonic, 9-10 nymphal stages, then finally adults. Sun Spiders tend to live fast die young only surviving about a year in the wild, though some captive Sun Spiders may indicate a hibernation that may help them live linger than originally thought.
The Sun Spider has a veracious appetite and is very active in satisfying its hunger. They are fast (up to 10mph). The Sun Spider is unlike other spiders in that it activity moves and hunts instead of the traditional lie and wait tactic. This hunting and agile pattern of movement directly relate to the common name "Wind Scorpion" though its speed is believed by many to have been exaggerated out of fear over time.
The Sun Spider is a nocturnal predator, so when the sun goes down keep an eye out for the Sun Spider. They can and will take the opportunity to find shelter in your home, most likely to escape the harsh cold of the desert winter, or the intense heat of the desert sun.
The Sun Spider prefers arid desert biomes, but species of them can be found across the globe in semi arid, tropical, dry forests and scrub accept for Antarctica or Australia. They will eat mostly other insects and invertebrates, with some of the larger species taking down small vertebrates such as rodents and reptiles. If the Sun Spider is of the variety that protects their egg nest, they will stock up on food beforehand as they will not leave their den until the eggs hatch.
Though the Sun Spider looks like one of the scariest things with 8 legs to ever walk the earth, they pose little to no threat to humans or pets. There are no known species of Sun Spider that are venomous, though their large and powerful chelicerae can inflict a decent bite that may hurt a bit but poses no medical threat. The Wind Scorpions also lack any way to administer venom, like a sting or fangs.